Saturday, 27 October 2012

Vaccination Meaning

Below are the list of vaccination summary:
Chickenpox / Varicella (Can be prevented by varicella vaccine)
Caused By Varicella zoster virus
Spread By Air, direct contact
Symptom Rash, tiredness, headache, fever
Complications Infected blisters, bleeding disorders, encephalitis (brain swelling), pneumonia (infection in the lungs)
Vaccine Doses Children who have never had chickenpox should get 2 doses of chickenpox vaccine at these ages:
1st Dose: 12-15 months of age
2nd Dose: 4-6 years of age (may be given earlier, if at least 3 months after the 1st dose)
Children age above 13 years (who have never had chickenpox or received chickenpox vaccine) should get two doses at least 28 days apart.
Resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chickenpox
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-varicella.pdf

Diphtheria (Can be prevented by Tdap vaccine)
Caused By Corynebacterium diphtheriae bacteria
Spread By Air, direct contact
Symptom Sore throat, mild fever, weakness, swollen glands in neck
Complications Swelling of the heart muscle, heart failure, coma, paralysis, death
Vaccine Doses 1st Dose: 2 months
2nd Dose: 4 months
3rd Dose: 6 months
4th Dose: 15-18 months
5th Dose: 4-6 years
Resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diphtheria
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-dtap.pdf

Hib (Can be prevented by Hib vaccine)
Caused By Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria
Spread By Air, direct contact
Symptom May be no symptoms unless bacteria enter the blood
Complications Meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord), mental retardation, epiglottis (lifethreatening infection that can block the windpipe and lead to serious breathing problems) and pneumonia (infection in the lungs), death
Vaccine Doses 2 months of age
4 months of age
6 months of age
12-15 months of age
Resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haemophilus_influenzae_type_b
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-hib.pdf

Hepatitis A (Can be prevented by HepA vaccine)
Caused By Hepatitis A virus
Spread By Personal contact, contaminated food or water
Symptom May be no symptoms, fever, stomach pain, loss of appetite, fatigue, vomiting, jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes), dark urine
Complications Liver failure
Vaccine Doses Children between their first and second birthdays (12 through 23 months of age)
Resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hepatitis_A
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-hep-a.pdf

Hepatitis B (Can be prevented by HepB vaccine)
Caused By Hepatitis B virus
Spread By Contact with blood or body fluids
Symptom May be no symptoms, fever, headache, weakness, vomiting, jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes), joint pain
Complications Chronic liver infection, liver failure, liver cancer
Vaccine Doses 1st Dose: Birth
2nd Dose: 1-2 months of age
3rd Dose: 6-18 months of age
Resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hepatitis_B
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-hep-b.pdf

Human Papillomavirus (Can be prevented by HPV vaccine)
Caused By Human papillomavirus
Spread By Sexual contact, hand contact
Symptom Skin warts, genital warts
Complications Cervical cancer in women
Vaccine Doses 1st Dose: 11-12 years
2nd Dose: 1 to 2 months after Dose 1
3rd Dose: 6 months after Dose 1
Resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_papillomavirus
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-hpv-gardasil.pdf

Influenza (Can be prevented by annual flu vaccine)
Caused By Influenza virus
Spread By Air, direct contact
Symptom Fever, muscle pain, sore throat, cough, extreme fatigue
Complications Pneumonia (infection in the lungs)
Vaccine Doses Children above 6 months of age should get flu vaccine
Resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-flu.pdf

Measles (Can be prevented by MMR vaccine)
Caused By Morbilliviruses
Spread By Air, direct contact
Symptom Rash, fever, cough, runny nose, pinkeye
Complications Encephalitis (brain swelling), pneumonia (infection in the lungs), death
Vaccine Doses 1st Dose: 12-15 months of age
2nd Dose: 4-6 years of age (may be given earlier, if at least 28 days after the 1st dose)
Resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Measles
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-mmr.pdf

Meningococcal Disease (Can be prevented by MCV vaccine)
Caused By Neisseria meningitidis bacteria
Spread By Air, direct contact
Symptom Nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, confusion and sleepiness
Complications Death
Vaccine Doses 1st Dose: 11 - 12 years
Booster Dose: 16 years
URL http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meningococcal
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-mening.pdf

Mumps (Can be prevented by MMR vaccine)
Caused By Mumps virus
Spread By Air, direct contact
Symptom Swollen salivary glands (under the jaw), fever, headache, tiredness, muscle pain
Complications Meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord) , encephalitis (brain swelling), inflammation of testicles or ovaries, deafness
Vaccine Doses 1st Dose: 12-15 months of age
2nd Dose: 4-6 years of age (may be given earlier, if at least 28 days after the 1st dose)
URL http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumps
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-mmrv.pdf

Pertussis (Whooping Cough) (Can be prevented by Tdap vaccine)
Caused By Bordetella pertussis bacteria
Spread By Air, direct contact
Symptom Severe cough, runny nose, apnea (a pause in breathing in infants)
Complications Pneumonia (infection in the lungs), death
Vaccine Doses 1st Dose: 2 months
2nd Dose: 4 months
3rd Dose: 6 months
4th Dose: 15-18 months
5th Dose: 4-6 years
URL http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pertussis
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-dtap.pdf

Pneumococcal Disease (Can be prevented by Pneumococcal vaccine)
Caused By Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria
Spread By Air, direct contact
Symptom May be no symptoms, pneumonia (infection in the lungs)
Complications Bacteremia (blood infection), meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord), death
Vaccine Doses 1st Dose: 2 months
2nd Dose: 6 months
3rd Dose: 4 months
4th Dose: 12-15 months
URL http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pneumococcal
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-pcv7.pdf

Polio (Can be prevented by IPV vaccine)
Caused By Poliovirus
Spread By Personal contact, contaminated food or water
Symptom May be no symptoms, sore throat, fever, nausea, headache
Complications Paralysis, death
Vaccine Doses 1st Dose: 2 months
2nd Dose: 4 months
3rd Dose: 6-18 months
1st Booster Dose: 4-6 years
URL http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polio
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-ipv.pdf

Rotavirus (Can be prevented by Rotavirus vaccine)
Caused By Rotavirus
Spread By Personal contact, contaminated food or water
Symptom Vomiting, watery diarrhoea, and low-grade fever
Complications Severe dehydration can become a life-threatening condition
Vaccine Doses First Dose: 2 months of age
Second Dose: 4 months of age
Third Dose: 6 months of age (if needed)
Resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotavirus
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-rotavirus.pdf

Rubella (German Measles) (Can be prevented by MMR vaccine)
Caused By Rubella virus
Spread By Air, direct contact
Symptom Children infected with rubella virus sometimes have a rash, fever, and swollen lymph nodes
Complications Very serious in pregnant women—can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, premature delivery, and birth defects
Vaccine Doses 1st Dose: 12-15 months of age
2nd Dose: 4-6 years of age (may be given earlier, if at least 28 days after the 1st dose)
Resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rubella
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-mmrv.pdf

Tetanus (Lockjaw) (Can be prevented by Tdap vaccine)
Caused By Clostridium tetani bacteria
Spread By Exposure through cuts in skin
Symptom Stiffness in neck and abdominal muscles, difficulty swallowing, muscle spasms, fever
Complications Broken bones, breathing difficulty, death
Vaccine Doses 1st Dose: 2 months
2nd Dose: 4 months
3rd Dose: 6 months
4th Dose: 15-18 months
5th Dose: 4-6 years
Resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetanus
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-dtap.pdf

Note
  • In layman terms, DTaP, DTPa, TDaP, Tdap, and dTap are the same. DTap and Tdap are both combined vaccines against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. The difference is in the dosage, with the upper case letters meaning higher quantity.
  • DTaP is a combination vaccine that protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis.
  • MMR is a combination vaccine that protects against measles, mumps, and rubella.
  • Please consult with your doctor for expert advice before going for vaccination
Resources:
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/

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